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Maple
Appearence
Color: Heartwood is creamy white to light reddish brown; sapwood is pale to creamy white.

Grain: Closed, subdued grain, with medium figuring and uniform texture. Occasionally shows quilted, fiddleback, curly or bird’s-eye figuring. Figured boards often culled during grading and sold at a premium.

Variations Within Species And Grades: Black maple (B. nigrum) is also hard; other species are classified as soft.

Properties
Hardness/Janka: Janka: 1450; (12% harder than Northern red oak).

Dimensional Stability: Average (9.9; 15% less stable than red oak).

Workability
Sawing/Machining: Density makes machining difficult.

Nailing: No known problems.

Sanding: Extra care must be taken during sanding and finishing, as sanding marks and finish lines are more obvious due to maple’s density and light color. The species also burnishes, dulling fine paper and screens and making it difficult to cut out previous scratches.

Finishing: Takes neutral finish well; May be difficult to stain.

Origin: North America

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